How Electric Muscle Stimulation works

How Electric Muscle Stimulation works:
Electric Muscle Stimulation is an internationally accepted and proven way of treating
muscle injuries. It works by sending Electric pulses to the muscle needing treatment;
this causes the muscle to exercise passively. Electric Muscle Stimulators (EMS)
Stimulate, Re-educate and Massage. Electric Muscle Stimulation is basically done by
stimulating some areas of the body. For this purpose, an Electric stimulation device is
used – electrode pads are placed directly on the body area(s) that need to be
stimulated. By dialing the voltage, you can pick different pressure on the muscles, that
create various medical and cosmetic effects.

Electrical Muscle Stimulation on Patients lower back

The low voltage is usually done on smaller, involuntary muscle groups, which cannot be
stimulated in other ways. The low voltage also stimulates the brain, which starts sending
impulses through the involuntary muscles, thus stimulating them as well.

Medical conditions treated by Muscle Stimulation include: Muscle Spasms, Long-term
Disuse after Fracture or Prolonged Bed Rest, Strengthening for Joint or Muscle Injury,
Immobilized Limbs, Atrophy Prevention, Bell’s Palsy, Stress Incontinence, Muscle
Weakness, Improving Muscle Tone, Muscle Spasticity following a Stroke, and Personal
Fitness Training.

How Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation works:
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) is a non-invasive, drug free
method of controlling pain. TENS Units use tiny electrical impulses sent through the skin
to nerves to modify your pain perception. In most people it is effective in reducing or
eliminating the pain, allowing for a return to normal activity. In many people, the
reduction or elimination of pain lasts longer than the actual period of stimulation
(sometimes as much as three to four times longer). In others, pain is modified while
stimulation actually occurs. Unit overrides the pain signal to the brain by sending a
comfortable Electric impulse. When the TENS Unit overrides the pain signal, it “tricks”
the brain into thinking there is NO PAIN. This produces Fast and Rapid Pain Relief,
usually within a minute or two. You can control and customize the intensity, pulse rate,
and pulse width to “experiment” and find the best setting for your pain relief.

Electrical Muscle Stimulation on Patients lower back

When it is best to use cold or hot treatment in injuries

Many of our patients have asked us when it is best to use cold or hot treatment in injuries.

One easy way to remember when to use ice or heat is to ask yourself how long ago the injury occurred.

After you strain a ligament or muscle, it is generally best to use cold (ice or a cold pack) immediately and then for the next day and 1/2. It’s usually wise not to use heat, such as a heating pad, until swelling and bruising has stopped.

Cold is usually used first because it reduces swelling and inflammation. Use Ice for the first 48 hours after an injury. Apply for 20 minutes, remove for 20 minutes and then repeat. Do not apply directly to the skin — put a thin towel over the skin for protection, or freeze a cup full of water, tear off the top rim and move the ice over the injury. This helps control bleeding by constricting blood vessels. Cold acts as a local anesthetic and so relieves pain. Usually the bruising associated with acute inflammation stops within 1 to 3 days. To relieve muscle spasms, minor sprains and strains, it’s usually best to apply cold for 20 minutes intervals at a time every 4 to 6 hours for the first day and a half. Commercial cold packs may be safer than using ice. Prolonged exposure to cold, especially ice, can result in frostbite to tissues. Later in the process, you may relieve pain by applying heat, rather than cold, to your injury.

Use heat 20 minutes at a time at least 24 hours after a minor injury or 48 hours after a more serious one. Place a heat pack directly on the injured area — do not add pressure. Do not apply to broken skin.

Cold reduces inflammation. Apply cold to acute injuries, such as a newly sprained ankle or a pulled muscle.

Heat improves circulation. It’s best for chronic pain, such as from tight muscles or a sore back.

Alternate Heat and Cold if you have soft tissue damage and/or stretched ligaments, such as an ankle sprain. Heat aids in restoring range of motion. Apply cold for 20 minutes per hour as desired for the first 24 hours. The next day, apply warmth for 20 minutes per hour as desired.

Caution: Don’t apply cold for more that 24 to 36 hours or warmth for more than 72 hours; see a doctor.